What is Urology?
Urology deals with diseases and congenital abnormalities of the kidney, bladder, genitalia, urinary tract, and male sexual and reproductive health. Non-surgical issues like urinary infection are treated with urology. Surgical conditions such as correction of incontinence, impotence, infertility and cancer treatment are also treated with urology. It caters to patients of both sexes and of all age groups.
Urologists commonly perform urology diagnoses, endoscopy surgery, lithotripsy, cystoscopy, treatment of bladder and kidney stones, removal of tumours found in the bladder, kidney or prostate, and vasectomy. Before the lithotripsy procedure, patients must eat a light meal, devoid of fatty and spicy foods. The patient can have a small breakfast or lunch but must avoid having a full stomach.
If you are suffering from frequent UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections) or pain in the kidney or bladder, you must visit a urologist. If you notice blood in your urine, it is important to get immediate medical attention. Other symptoms include elevated PSA (prostate-specific antigen) levels, abnormal prostate exam, abnormality spotted on the kidney, stones found inside the kidney, male infertility, low sexual drive, erectile dysfunction, and a testicular lump or pain
Urinary Problems in Children
Urological conditions in children are among the most commonly occurring problems. Some problems are controlling urination, excessive bedwetting or urinary tract infections. Most of these are treated with a course of antibiotics, bladder training, and changes in drinking habits. Surgery may be needed in rare cases when the condition persists or an underlying structural problem is found in the urinary system.